Youtube keeps offensive Youtuber, kicks out proven inoffensive creators.

New YouTube Partner Program (YPP) rules announced on 16 January 2018 will penalize the smaller and new video creators ( These new rules state that a Youtube channel needs to have 4000 hours of viewing time and 1000 subscribers to be invited to join the YPP. Any channel below that will no be able to be part of the YPP.

Random Robi's Youtube Channel. His most popular video - a flight review.

Random Robi’s Youtube Channel. His most popular video – a flight review.

Big deal? Yes – as the YPP is the way video creators get paid for their efforts. Youtubers cannot put adds on their videos unless they are part of the YPP. Youtube are at pains to point out that the smaller channels are not about to lose their livelihood and be forced to live on the streets as a result of this decision: “Though these changes will affect a significant number of channels, 99% of those affected were making less than $100 per year in the last year, with 90% earning less than $2.50 in the last month.” ( So, yes, the vast majority of Youtube videos are largely a labour of love, not income. Why should Youtube keep paying administration costs on accounts that are so small. After all, they are already generously providing unlimited free storage and a worldwide audience – fame is just a few enticing frames away!

My son has had a Youtube account since about August 2016. His most popular video – a flight review of his trip from Singapore to Helsinki on Finnair – has about 12000 views and is still climbing. Several other videos have over 2000 views. The analytics that Youtube provides are great. Thanks to them Robi knows that over 90% of his views are a result of being selected by viewers from the recommendations next to the video the viewer had watched previously. This sharpened Robi’s marketing mind and he spends many hours ensuring the thumbnails for his videos are the most attractive that he can make them.

Click below to see Robi’s channel – Random Robi – and please subscribe while you are there. Strike a blow for the small battler!

Which is why the new rules feel like an enormous kick in the guts. All his videos will presumably be removed from the recommendations as they will no longer carry adverts. His views could easily plummet by 90%.

Robi managed to get into the YPP under the old rules. This meant that the Youtube algorithms would place Robi’s niche videos next to viewers who would be tempted to click on them. Great for Robi’s viewer numbers and a revenue boost for Youtube (80% of the revenue that Robi’s ads earn go to Youtube. Robi has earned only $40 over the time he has had a Youtube channel). Under the new rules Robi will be removed from the YPP and Youtube will have no financial incentive to promote his videos to the recommended list alongside. Google will have no incentive either to even acknowledge his videos when people search for flight reviews. He just wants an even playing field to be acknowledged for his effort and creativity.

Part of the push for new rules is because one of the biggest Youtube creators uploaded a video that was declared to have violated rules of decency by showing offensive material. Youtube had manually promoted it as it trended, so its own staff obviously hadn’t found it offensive. Nope – tens of thousands of viewers couldn’t be wrong, could they? However, the public backlash swelled so much that they had to remove it. Logan Paul’s Youtube channel is still up (I’ve just checked), with Youtube profiting from his notoriety.

Ironic that Logan Paul, who has uploaded offensive material, still gets to keep his channel (and his share of the revenue from the offensive material?) but small, inoffensive Youtubers like Robi, who have already proven their worth, are about to be denied the breath of algorithmic publicity.


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Social Bookmarking With Diigo – never lose a web link again.

Never lose a web link again!

You can soon fill up the bookmarking links on your browser – Firefox, Chrome or Safari. Then what do you do? My solution to this problem is to use Diigo. It is a social bookmarking tool, but it also works as an excellent stand alone personal bookmarks organiser.

To understand the logic and power of social bookmarking, check out this video. It is a bit old, and refers to the Delicious bookmarking webtool, but it is an excellent introduction to the topic:

It can do a lot more than just create a list of bookmarks. You can tag each webpage so that you can find the articles long after you have forgotten their details. For example, you can find the IELTS reading you have created an exercise for by using the tags: Solar IELTS Reading. All articles with these 3 tages will appear in a list. You can also annotate and highlight the sections of the webpage that interested you.

To find out about the features of the Diigo social bookmarking webtool, look at this video.

If you want to explore some other similar tools, this is an informative read:

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Quizlet – new hotspot style quiz for visual learners

If you haven’t been following Quizlet for a few months then you may not have noticed that they have now included hotspot quiz technology.

Simply put, it means that you can create hotspots on a picture – for example a map, a diagram of a heart, a picture of a car, etc. If a student can click on the correct part they get the mark. It allows students to match positions with pictures or words – better than matching words with words, especially for students who have reading difficulties. I have used the following diagram from Quizlet diagrams for an Anatomy class.

Heart diagram

This sort of question could be designed by having a picture with numbers, but it is a lot more satisfying and kinaesthetically reinforcing by having to click on a location rather than select a number or letter.

Some quizlet diaqgrams

Some quizlet diaqgrams

Picture from:

In line with the Quizlet philosophy, you can use any of the diagram questions that have been created. However, if you want to edit them or create your own, you must upgrade to a Quizlet Teacher. Whether it Is worth it for you depends on how much you think you will use the feature – and the other advantages of becoming a Quizlet Teacher. You can see the advantages and the cost of doing so here:

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Speed up Joomla 3.7.5 – a plugin that made my site crawl

In the past few days a website I administer became painfully slow. I am talking about taking 35 seconds to load any page on the website.  When I tried to get some idea of the problem using GTmetrics it took over 2 minutes to load, timed out, and wouldn’t return any analysis.

I searched Joomla forums but the only suggestion that seemed to be practical or relevant was to delete any large picture – and there were several candidates over 400 kb that had recently been put up by one of the authors. But even pages that had only text were just as slow. Baffled, so decided to send a message to the webhost I was using. To be specific with my problem I decided to carefully measure how many seconds it took to load. When I was staring at the blank white screen I noticed in the bottom left hand corner of my Chrome browser “waiting for WikiMedia” followed by “waiting for Extrawatch Live!” It seemed to take an age for these to load. ExtraWatch Live! is an analytics plugin that I had imported. Perhaps that was the problem? I disabled it and found the website loading speedily.

In GTmetrics my rating had increased from unable to be analysed, to category A with loading speed of 1.7 seconds.

Results from GTMetrics for my website

Results from GTMetrics for my website

Obviously I had solved the problem 🙂  The strange thing is that I had installed the ExtraWatch Live! plugin over a month ago, so it wasn’t something that readily came to mind as something now causing problems. Why should I suspect it?

While searching for the solution I also applied some server modifications which could have helped, particularly Gzip Page Compression. You can see the settings I changed here:

Joomla 3.7.5 server settings

Modifications to Joomla 3.7.5 server settings

I got the idea of modifying my Gzip Page Compression setting from this Youtube video by Joomla SEO & Performance .

I suppose the take home message for me from this experience is to watch out for the information at the bottom of the scree as the first line in tackling slow website problems.


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Best settings for Youtube videos

It is probably not an uncommon experience to spend a lot of time trying to make a video  as high a quality as you can, then uploading it to Youtube and being very disappointed. It looks great when you play it on your computer but poor on the web. I just shrugged my shoulders and presumed that Youtube downgraded whatever I uploaded so there was little I could do. That fact that many videos were high quality on Youtube did raise a few doubts as to whether I really was powerless.

My son had noted that there were some high quality Youtube videos too – and he is a serious Youtuber: Random Robi . So he wrote to another Youtuber PlaneSpottingBerlin    whose videos he admired. Surprisingly, he did get a detailed answer.

The settings I use now are customised based on the settings my son now uses on Camtasia Studio 8 – these may be useful for other video editors too.

These are screenshots from my own computer:

Controller: These settings are standard:Youtube settings 1

Size: The size of the video could make a difference to the quality – the larger it is, the more likely the quality will be poorer. It depends if on the camera which shot the video.

Video settings: These are likely to be the most important to adjust.

Audio settings: These used to be important when the internet was slow. However, these days the difference in size between tinny sounding 32 kbps and decent quality 128 kbps isn’t worth troubling yourself about.

Hope this helps Youtubers improve their videos.

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Youtube uploading can choke your internet

Ever find at home that the internet becomes very slow suddenly and for no apparent reason? You guess someone is downloading a movie but no one is. Someone is uploading to Youtube, but that should be okay as it doesn’t take up any of the download bandwidth.  Wrong.

My son is very conscious about what happens when he starts to upload his Youtube movies – the rest of us have no internet! Quite simply the Youtube video takes up all the upload bandwidth and so the forlorn clicks the rest of the family make don’t reach their destinations to request new content. Result – no internet browsing. When my son estimated it would take about 4 hours to upload his next video, the hunt was on for a solution that would satisfy us both.

There is some software you can buy, and you can get involved with the intricacies of your router. But you can also simply use a Chrome browser tool to limit the upload for free 🙂

Just go to the Chrome browser control dropdown menu by clicking on the three buttons in the top right corner of the Chrome browser:

Customise Chrome using this dropdown menu.

Customise Chrome using this dropdown menu.

Then hover over More tools. A new menu will pop out and at the bottom you will see Developer tools:

Tools menu

Tools menu

Click on Developer tools then click on Network and finally click on No throttling 

Finally, you will get to the settings that are very important for developers. They can use these to test how their products will act under differing internet speeds and latencies associated with access types – mostly for mobile phones. We can use them to limit the upload speed.

Having done some speed tests on my system, I guess that the upload speed could be about 2 Mb/s on a good day. So I decided to limit my son to 1 Mb/s to allow the rest of us to communicate with the outside world. I had to also set a download speed limit so I chose 3 Mb/s knowing that speed would probably be more than he would need for anything he does.


To do that:

  • Under Custom, click on: Add …
  • Give it a profile name – I chose: Youtube
  • The units specified are in kb/s. I wrote in 3000 kb/s for Download, 1000 kb/s for Upload and 2 ms for latency (increasing this potentially slows down the internet – not what I want to do). Note: if you have written only 3,1 and 2 then you will effectively have shut off the internet for that computer!
  • Then click : Add
  • When you shut the Setting window you will still see the No throttling label.
  • Click on the No throttling label then select Youtube.
  • You have now limited the computer to whatever values you chose.
  • Harmony returns to the household 🙂

Make sure you remember to return the setting to No throttling afterwords.

Credit for the solution goes to this webpage:

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Even digital natives need help from teachers at times

Happy uni students with laptops

They look digitally savvy – but can they manage their uni apps?

Just because students look really switched on and masters of their digital world doesn’t mean they can effortlessly adapt to a new app or online program. Teachers can’t assume too much digital expertise and will need to build in the possibility of some student training every time they introduce a new digital aspect into their teaching.

As a study into university students in the USA showed: “ Students often encountered logistical and technical issues with course-related apps, and they didn’t have ready access to support. This echoes the discrepancy about students’ fluency in digital media. Requiring students to use mobile devices doesn’t mean they’ll instinctively leverage them effectively, nor can they always troubleshoot when problems arise. ” From:


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Reduce long urls to a click

View this video to see how you can use to reduce a long url to a clickable one. Great for mLearning on phones and tablets.

In short:

  1. Copy a web link from a website.
  2. Go to
  3. Write a description of the webpage and create a hyperlink associated with the description.
  4. Create a short customised name for the end of the url. For example:
  5. You can write that on the board, or send it via email.
  6. Students can bookmark that page which you can use in the future to add or edit other web links.

This is excellent for iPads as they only have to tap on the hyperlink to get to the correct web page.

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Turn webpages into PDFs

You can use the Print function in Windows to save a webpage as a PDF – but the end result can be quite disappointing with some words missing and formatting all over the place.

A better option is to use a website called, appropriately, Print Friendly. It is OCR readable and the web links still work. Simple to use – just paste the url of the page you want to convert to PDF, select PDF and it will give a good result. Not perfect, but more than acceptable.

A great feature is that it gives you the option of removing parts you don’t want, such as adverts, before the final conversion.

If you think this will be a regular enough occurrence then you can use the extension for your browser that places a button on your address bar.

Capture a webpage in a PDF

Capture a webpage in a PDF

As a web based service it is suitable for all devices and operating systems that are internet enabled.

If you want an “ad-free service, white-label, and advanced customization” you can buy an an account. It has been translated to over 20 languages, which is a great bonus for those who do not speak English.

Note: 21 May 2017

I have used this several times to save some blogs and have had mixed success. So make sure you check what has actually been captured. If what you want to capture has not been captured, then report that to the support desk. It will help them improve their product.

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Capture webpages beyond the screen

I love the Snipping Tool that MS Windows supplies. Just select the part of the screen you want to capture, highlight the part you need to, then press the email icon and send it on to the person needing it. Saves so much time compared to taking a screenshot, cropping it, saving it and uploading to your email. However, there are times when you want to capture a whole webpage which has a lot of information you have to scroll down to read. That is when the Snipping Tool is found wanting.

Nimbus is then the go to app in MS Windows, and is also a great choice in Linux. It is an extension to Chrome and Firefox so you first have to install it. Search for Nimbus Screen Capture in Firefox and Nimbus Screenshot & Screen Video Recorder in Chrome.

Nimbus Screen Capture in Firefox

Nimbus Screen Capture in Firefox

The Chrome version has a few more options than the Firefox version, but both will capture a webpage at the click of a button:

  1. Browse to a website
  2. Click on the Nimbus icon in the top right to show you the menu

    Nimbus icon Firefox

    Nimbus icon Firefox

  3. Select the Entire Page option

    Nimbus Firefox menu

    Nimbus Firefox menu

  4. Highlight or annotate if you need to
  5. Click on Done in the top right corner

    Nimbus Done button

    Nimbus Done button

  6. Select where to keep it, and that is the finish.
  7. Compare the full screenshot with the entire webpage capture:
    Entire webpage

    Entire webpage

    Visible screenshot

    Screenshot of visible part of screen









If you use Linux, then you have another free rival for Nimbus called Shutter.

Caution: To capture the full webpage in Shutter you need to make sure the gnome-web-photo packages are also installed.

Navigate to the website you want to copy and press the website icon – the one click solution.

Shutter - copy full website

Shutter – copy full website

Note that Nimbus and Shutter create pictures that do not have any live links. If you want to capture a website in its full html glory then you can use a premium version of the social bookmarking site Diigo.

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